Sustainability at NG Energy is about delivering energy in a responsible way to meet the world’s growing needs.
Natural gas is a critical component of the energy transition – helping to meet increasing demand while lowering greenhouse gas emissions and improving air quality. It is one of the few energy sources that can be used across all sectors of the global economy. Natural gas is used to generate electricity, provide heat for essential industrial processes, heat homes and fuel the transport of people and goods.
Natural gas emits between 45% and 55% lower greenhouse gas emissions than coal when used to generate electricity, according to IEA data. Today, coal-fired power stations produce around 40% of the world’s electricity, which represents more than two-thirds of global CO2 emissions from electricity generation. Using natural gas instead of coal to generate electricity can significantly reduce air pollution. Compared to coal-fired power plants, modern natural gas-fired power plants emit less than one-tenth of the pollutants.
Despite the significant role of renewables, they cannot provide all the world’s energy needs today. Renewables chiefly power electricity, which only meets around a fifth of global energy demand. For renewables to have a bigger impact, electricity must play a larger part in other key sectors of the economy. As the role of electricity grows, the world will increasingly rely on the electricity supply being reliable and affordable, as well as sustainable.
Natural gas supports the integration of variable renewable electricity generation because it can quickly compensate for dips in solar or wind power supply and rapidly respond to sudden increases in demand. Natural gas is a good partner for hydropower, providing a secure electricity supply when there is insufficient rainfall.
In Colombia, the case for Natural Gas as a transition fuel has an underscore as the country aims to meet its Paris Agreement CO2 target of decreasing emissions by 51% by 2030. Even more so in Colombia than much of the developed world, the transition to renewable sources will be gradual due to the high cost and complex storage requirements. Currently, 100% renewable sources make up a very small portion of the energy matrix in Colombia which points to a long period of natural gas acting as a bridge fuel. Even as the country increases renewable energy consumption, the intermittent nature of these renewable sources will leave a lasting demand for natural gas. Natural gas supports the integration of variable renewable electricity generation as it can quickly compensate for dips in variable supply and rapidly respond to sudden increases in demand.